About Bougainville Island

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Title Bougainville Island
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Bougainville Island is the main island of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville of Papua New Guinea. This region is also known as Bougainville Province or the North Solomons. The population of the province is 175,160 (2000 census). It includes the adjacent island of Buka, and assorted outlying islands including the Carterets. (Although Bougainville Island is geographically part of the Solomon Islands archipelago, the nation of the Solomon Islands is a separate state.) The first human settlement of Bougainville occurred some 28,000 years ago. People arrived from New Ireland, presumably via Nissan Island, halfway between New Ireland and Buka. These are the non-Austronesian or (confusingly) “Papuan” aboriginal people. Spreading throughout the islands of Buka and Bougainville they settled in subsistence agriculture and fishing communities. As defined by language, there are nine societies of non-Austronesian Bougainvilleans. Three to four thousand years ago the Austronesians arrived –...
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