About Child mortality

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Title Child mortality
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About 20 million children die every year, very often from preventable causes. Estimates vary depending on the age limit definition of still being a child. Child mortality in this article (at present) refers to under-5 mortality, which is the death of infants and children under the age of five. In 2008, 8.8 million children under five died, down from 9.2 million in 2007, and 12.7 million in 1990. About half of child deaths occur in Africa. Approximately 60 countries make up 94% of under five child deaths. According to an estimate by UNICEF, one million child deaths could be prevented annually at a cost of $US 1 billion per year (an average of $US 1000 for each child). Reduction of child mortality is the fourth of the United Nations' Millennium Development Goals. During ancient times and the Middle Ages, the child mortality rate was about 200 deaths per 1,000 live births and the under-5 mortality rate was about 300 deaths per 1,000 live births. According to UNICEF, most child deaths ...
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