About Integrated conservation and development

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Title Integrated conservation and development
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Integrated conservation and development projects (ICDPs) are biodiversity conservation projects with rural development components. This is an approach that aspires to combine social development with conservation goals(Hughes and Flintan 2001). These projects look to deal with biodiversity conservation objectives through the use of socio-economic investment tools. The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) first introduced ICDPs in the mid 1980s. They wanted to attend to some of the problems associated with the “fines and fences” (nonparticipatory) approach to conservation (4-Abdoulaye Ndiaye 2001). The Wildlands and Human Needs Program was initiated in 1985 by WWF and it incorporated around 20 ICDPs. They wanted to improve the quality of life of rural people through projects that integrated the management of natural resources with economic development. By 1994, WWF was behind more than 50 ICDPs. Today there are around 300 ICDPs (1-Hughes and Flintan 2001). ICDPs have many different names...
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