About Prosthesis

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Title Prosthesis
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(from Freebase)
In medicine, a prosthesis (plural prostheses; from the Greek πρόσθεσις "addition") is an artificial extension that replaces a missing body part. It is part of the field of biomechatronics, the science of using mechanical devices with human muscle, skeleton, and nervous systems to assist or enhance motor control lost by trauma, disease, or defect. Prostheses are typically used to replace parts lost by injury (traumatic) or missing from birth (congenital) or to supplement defective body parts. Inside the body, artificial heart valves are in common use with artificial hearts and lungs seeing less common use but under active technology development. Other medical devices and aids that can be considered prosthetics include artificial eyes, palatal obturator, gastric bands, and dentures. Roman bronze crowns have also been found, but their use could have been more aesthetic than medical. A famous and quite refined historical prosthetic arm was that of Götz von Berlichingen, made in the...
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